The first recorded historical account of northeast Africa and its inhabitants goes back about 4800 years to the time of the paranoiac Egyptians. The costal region of northeast Africa, lying roughly between the red sea port of Suwakin in the north, and the cape of Guardafui in the southeast was vaguely know to the paranoiac Egyptian as land of Punt. The name Habesha in reference to both the Axumites and present day of Ethiopians have originated from Punt.
Northern ancient city of Axum is the country's oldest existing urban settlement. Once the capital and a major religious center. It remains the site of many remarkable antiquities, including the famous monolithic Obelisks or stele, important stone inscription written in three languages Geez, Sabean, Greek; the remain of pectacular palaces and graves and special gold, silver, and bronze currency produced up to around 300AD carry representation of the sun and the moon. But, coin from the early 4th C on ward, bear the cross of Christ.