“The Cradle of Man kind”, this landlocked republic in northeast Africa is bounded to the northeast by Eritrea and Djibouti, on the east and southeast by Somalia, on the south by Kenya and on the west by Sudan. Covering a total area of 1,112,000 sq. km of Ethiopia’s land formation is the result of geological event of the Cenozoic era that laid down the land feature. There are different types of land features in Ethiopia; Plateau, Valley, Mountain, Hill. However, the land features of the country are categorized into two. Highland & Lowland.
The highlands are; on the western, Tigrain plateau (Sedie & Debre Damo), north central massive (Gojam, Gondar, Wello, & Shewa), and south western (Welega, Ilibabur, Keffa, Gamo Goffa).
The lowlands are; the western (Tekeze, Abay Dinder, Ghibe), South eastern (Ogaden, Elekere, Borena), and the Rift Valley region (Afar triangle, which runs from the Red Sea through the Danakil Depression the lowest point on Earth, Chew Bahir rift, & Great rift valley). Its capital, Addis Ababa, which lies in the middle of the country in the Central Highlands at an altitude of over 2300 meters. Ethiopia is the third most popular country of Africa with over 72 million people, which 5 million of the population lives in the capital.
There are 82 ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Among all the ethnic groups, the Oromo tribes are large in number. And they speak Oromigna (Cushitic language group). But, the official language of the country is Amharigna (Semetic language group).